Fisheries, Aquaculture and Marine Ecosystems

Sea cucumber fisheries throughout the region have experienced periods of booming production and high revenue followed by periods of low production, primarily due to no or few fishery management strategies.

That’s why it is important to develop, implement and monitor effective fishery management frameworks indeed. Management tools and harvest strategies for consideration are outlined in the recommendations of those reports for Cook Islands, Fiji and Samoa.

List of reports


The status of sea cucumber resources
at Aitutaki, Mangaia, Palmerston and Rarotonga, Cook Islands

June 2013


by Koroa Raumea, Ngereteina George, Kalo Pakoa, Ian Bertram and Michael Sharp


  Download the PDF (1.65 MB)



The status of sea cucumber resources and recommendations for management in Samoa

September 2013


by Maria Sapatu and Kalo Pakoa


  Download the PDF (1 MB)


The status of sea cucumber resources and fisheries management in Fiji

September 2013


by Pakoa K., Saladrau W., Lalavanua W., Valotu D., Tuinasavusavu I., Sharp M. and  Bertram I.


  Download the PDF (3 MB)


The status of Tonga's sea cucumber fishery, including an update on Vava'u and Tongatapu

November 2013


by Kalo M. Pakoa, Poasi V. Ngaluafe, Talaofa Lotoahea, Sione V. Matoto and  Ian Bertram


Download the PDF (2 MB)


The status of reef invertebrate resources and recommendations for management at Tokelau

July 2013


by Tumua Pasilio, Foliga Perira, Kerat Rikim, Kalo Pakoa and Ian Bertram


Download the PDF (2 MB)



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Last Updated on Wednesday, 11 February 2015 09:11